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Turtles

With help from the Animal Husbandry Curator at The Maritime Aquarium at Norwalk, turtles seen at Rye Town Park were identified as painted turtles.

  • Painted turtles are native to North America and are the most common turtle in New York and Connecticut                                       
  • Coloration and carapace texture varies widely with this species, especially with respect to age
  • The are two subspecies of this animal, the eastern painted turtle and the midland painted turtle
  • They live in slow-moving fresh waters from southern Canada to Louisiana and northern Mexico, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific
  • The turtle is the only species of the genusChrysemys, which is part of the pond turtle family Emydidae
  • Fossils show that the painted turtle existed 15 million years ago.  Four regionally based subspecies (the eastern, midland, southern, and western) evolved during the last ice age
  • The adult painted turtle female is 10–25 cm (4–10 in) long; the male is smaller. The turtle's top shell is dark and smooth, without a ridge. Its skin is olive to black with red, orange, or yellow stripes on its extremities. The subspecies can be distinguished by their shells: the eastern has straight-aligned top shell segments; the midland has a large gray mark on the bottom shell; the southern has a red line on the top shell; the western has a red pattern on the bottom shell
  • The turtle eats aquatic vegetation, algae, and small water creatures including insects, crustaceans and fish. Although they are frequently consumed as eggs or hatchlings by rodents, canines, and snakes, the adult turtles' hard shells protect them from most predators. Reliant on warmth from its surroundings, the painted turtle is active only during the day when it basks for hours on logs or rocks. During winter, the turtle hibernates, usually in the mud at the bottom of water bodies. The turtles mate in spring and autumn. Females dig nests on land and lay eggs between late spring and mid-summer. Hatched turtles grow until sexual maturity: 2–9 years for males, 6–16 for females
  • While habitat loss and road killings have reduced the turtle's population, its ability to live in human-disturbed settings has helped it remain the most abundant turtle in North America. Adults in the wild can live for more than 55 years